Equipment used in determining if the Area is a Wetland.
This is a task of finding if there is a water source nearby the ground level and its distribution of the water. Some government have passed legislation preventing the construction of any form of building over a wetland. also some areas have seasonal water bodies meaning during dry seasons there is no visible water in the area. Hence it is important for land buyers to research the water level of a land before acquisition, as they will not be allowed to develop properties if it is a water body.
Tools to acquire for water bodies identification and area occupied measurement includes.
Their maps which have been developed showing area that in the past have water bodies. Maps give the researcher a history of the area and insight on where to initiate the process.
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In addition to the map, the researcher also will need GPS equipment. The purpose is to assist the researcher to know the area directions.
Mud boots. Field researchers know the importance of wearing mud footwear for wetland delineation exercise. The mud footwear is designed to protect water and mud from coming into contact is the person’s feet.
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Tools for digging such as shovels and soil knives. Wetland delineation requires the researchers to get the underground soil which is acquired by digging.
Cameras with capability of taking pictures in water. Some underground areas may not be accessible by the researcher that observation will per taken by use of an underground camera. Giving the area has water bodies it will be essential to have camera is not affected by water. Another item to consider for the camera is having long lasting batteries. Also, it is good to carry a normal designed camera for taking general field picture. Specification required is camera ability to focus the light well and produce good pictures.
Soil color chart. This a chart specifically designed to compare the various colors of soils, with each color have notes on the conditions of the area. The chart has given the soil color of a water body, therefore the task of the researchers is to dig the soil and see if it matches.
Equipment for measuring length and width of the area. It is important to also find out the spread of the water body. This will involving digging various distant holes in the area and measuring the distance occupied by the wetland. For this exercise, the researcher will require measurement tools. In addition the exercise develops the end areas of the wetland.
Notes taking is also an important exercise of any research. Therefore the researchers should carry stationery materials. These tools are for recording the items discovered in the field area.
The water body identification and area measurement is an essential exercise which should be undertaken after lapse of several years for example ten years. This is because with the changes in climate some water bodies may cease to exist while others may be created.