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Treatment Options for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, refers to a long-term disorder that causes recurring discomfort or pain in the tummy and irregular bowel habits. It can occur at any point in time, but most individuals get their first symptoms at 15 to 40 years of age. IBS affects more women than men and women get more severe symptoms. Treating IBS Although irritable bowel syndrome has got no cure, your doctor can relieve your symptoms with a mix of probiotics, medicines, diet, and psychological therapies. You might have to try several treatments in order to find one that’s best suited to you. Your doctor may help you choose the best treatment plan.
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Changes in eating, nutrition and diet
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Eating, nutrition and diet changes, like going for the FODMAP diet, may improve your symptoms. Medicines Your doctor may suggest medication to alleviate your symptoms Fiber supplements to ease constipation when increased fiber in a diet doesn’t work. Laxatives may treat constipation. Since laxatives work in many different ways, your physician may suggest the best laxative for you. Loperamide can improve diarrhea symptoms by slowing stool movement through the large intestine. Although loperamide may alleviate diarrhea in those with IBS, it doesn’t alleviate pain, bloating, as well as other symptoms. Antispasmodics, like cimetropium, hyoscine, and pinaverium help ease pain in the tummy and colon muscle spasms. Antidepressants, like little doses of selective serotonin inhibitors as well as tricyclic antidepressants may alleviate IBS symptoms, including stomach pain. Amitza (Lubiprostone) for those suffering from IBS-C can improve symptoms like abdominal discomfort/pain and constipation. Coated peppermint oil pills can alleviate IBS symptoms. When using medication to treat IBS, stick to your physician’s instructions. Also speak to your physician about the side effects that may occur, and what you should do if you experience them. Probiotics Your physician may also suggest probiotics, which are microorganisms that can only be seen through a microscope. These microorganisms, almost always bacteria, are just like those that are usually found in your gastrointestinal tract. Studies have shown that consuming adequate amount of probiotics, particularly certain probiotic combinations and bifidobacteria, can ease IBS symptoms. Mental therapies Anxiety, stress, and depression may trigger irritable bowel symptoms, so controlling these issues might help. There are a number of psychological therapies that may be used to treat IBS. CBT, or cognitive behavioral therapy, involves determining and handling negative thought patterns by developing other methods of acting and thinking. Hypnotherapy involves the therapist getting the patient into a relaxed mood so they can relax their abdominal muscles and ease pain and bloating. Counseling can be a vital part of treating stress, anxiety, depression and related symptoms. Meditation/relaxation therapy may help alleviate stress. Be sure to consult your doctor so they can recommend the right IBS treatment.